Due to the large number of different constellations of database and SAP software, the job as an SAP Basis administrator is very diverse and, in addition to the topics mentioned above, also includes the following:
In the area of SAP Basic Administration there are many tasks that occur at long but irregular intervals, such as adjusting the system modifiability. As a result, the know-how is often lacking and it is quickly taken to the next search engine, where long and partially incomplete forum entries make finding the right approach even more difficult. For this reason, I will regularly record recurring tasks from the SAP basis Administration for you in simple tutorials. This blog post will start with the topic system modifiability and client control. If you want to jump directly to a step-by-step guide, just scroll down to the bottom, where I summarised everything once. System Modifiability - What Is It? The system modifiability allows you to set which objects of the repository and the client-independent customisation are modifiable or not. Repository objects can also be customised even further, with respect to the software component and the namespace. You can choose whether an object should be modifiable, restricted, or non-modifiable. In this context, restrictively modifiable means that repository objects can only be created as non-originals (small note: for packages the setting "restricted modifiable" and "modifiable" is identical in the function). Let us now turn to the direct approach to the changeover to system variability. Change system modifiability As a preparation, you should clarify how long the modifiability should take place in your system. I have learned from my clients that it is often desired to set the system to "changeable" for certain tasks from the specialist areas only temporarily. If you have organised this, call the transaction SE06 in the 000 client and click on the button "System Modification". If you do not have permissions for this transaction, you can try either the transaction SE03 —> System Modifiability or the transaction SE09 -> Jump -> Transport Organiser Tools -> System Modifiability (under "Administration"). The following screenshot shows the way across the SE03: Here you can change the desired namespaces and software components depending on your request.
This advanced training course on SAP administration will provide you with the skills you need to perform more in-depth administrative tasks on your SAP system. For example, SAP administration using WebAS with ABAP and Java, system configuration and system updates, applying patches and corrections, and updating users and authorizations. Furthermore, the program includes the setup of printers, knowledge of system security and system monitoring as well as transport functions. Not to forget the help system and data backup in your SAP systems.
Using various user, administration and monitoring tools, the SAP Basis system is controlled and managed by an administrator, who is thus responsible for its trouble-free operation. Many companies hand over these tasks to an external service provider.
Remove weak password hashes from the system: Only updating the profile parameter does not provide you with the necessary security. There are still many weak hash values in your database that can be used to attack your system. These must be completely removed from the database. To do this, use the report CLEANUP_PASSWORD_HASH_VALUES. To do this, call the transaction SA38 and enter the name of the report in the input field. Run or F8 executes the programme and cleans your database Report CLEANUP_PASSWORD_HASH_VALUES This programme removes the outdated hash values across all clients. Have you already experienced this attack method or any other comments on this topic? Share your experiences with us in the form of a comment under this article.
Some missing SAP basic functions in the standard are supplied by the PC application "Shortcut for SAP Systems".
A Conflict Resolution Transport (CRT) is used only for add-ons, such as IS-IS or IS-OIL.
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There are the following reason that may cause this step to be cancelled: TP_CANNOT_CONNECT_TO_SYSTEM: tp cannot log in to the system database.