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The 5 most common errors in SAP test management In this blog post I would like to discuss the 5 most common errors in SAP test management, which in my experience occur regularly in this area. I hope that with this I can give you some guidance so that you can avoid these mistakes. No test management Quite simple. You have complex SAP software in use or are just introducing a new module tailored to your company, but the test process plays a subordinate role and tests take place only sporadically and unstructured? Then you have already made the first mistake. To ensure high software quality, avoid hidden consequential error costs and consciously plan for a test period instead of the risk of time bottlenecks, a methodical approach should be planned. Too much testing If you have decided to introduce test management, you need to weigh up the resources required for this. A large amount of testing quickly pushes the cost-benefit ratio into the realm of inefficiency, because the time required for testing drives up costs. On the other hand, the test quality should of course be high. Therefore, a structured and comprehensive approach is of high importance. Basically, you should make sure that the costs for the test effort do not exceed the average of the consequential failure costs.

Using profile parameters, we can configure everything in the SAP system. Some parameters are dynamically modifiable, which means that they can be changed without restarting the system. However, these changes are not permanent, i.e. after a system restart, the pre-set profile parameters are used again. Other parameters, however, are static, i.e. only with a restart and only permanently modifiable. Most profile parameters for memory allocation are actually static. However, there is the possibility to adapt it dynamically with the report RSMEMORY. Read how to find out if a parameter is static or dynamic and how to use the RSMEMORY report to dynamically adjust the memory allocation parameters. RZ11 - Maintenance of profile parameters The transaction RZ10 gives us information about profiles, which in turn contain different profile parameters. In the transaction RZ11, however, it is possible to view information about individual parameters, provided that you know their name. As you can read in our Memory Parameter Post, the following 5 parameters are particularly important for memory management: abap/heap_area_total abap/heap_area_dia abap/heap_area_nondia ztta/roll_extension_dia ztta/roll_extension_nondia If you don't know exactly what a parameter might be called, it's worth using the F4 help here. For example, for the parameter abab/heap_area_dia, the RZ11 outputs: Description of the parameter abap/heap_area_dia in the RZ11 As you can see here, it is not a dynamic parameter. Now it is rather sorry if you want to test whether there is enough memory available to restart the system again and again. For this purpose, there is the RSMEMORY report. RSMEMORY - Test your memory allocation strategy Report RSMEMORY Report View No documentation or value help available here, but SAP documentation tells you how to use the report. This first distinguishes between dialogue and non-dialogue work processes. That is, in the first area you can set Extended Memory (Storage Class 1) and Heap Memory (Storage Class 2) for Dialogue Workprocesses, and in the second area you can set it for non-dialogue workprocesses.
Application of support patches, upgrades and installation of add-ons
It should be mentioned here that it only makes sense to access the tables by reading the SELECT statement to get a quick view of the results. Using the DBACOCKPIT, it is not possible to create entire table structures using Create Table. For such applications, SAP provides other, better options. Another important point is that once a user has the necessary permissions to use the transaction DBACOCKPIT, it can potentially (with appropriate permissions on the tables) access the entire SAP system. For example, a query can be used to read the entire user table. Therefore, the transaction should always be treated with caution and only awarded to administrators. DBACOCKPIT handles the call control permissions similar to the SE16 / SE16N transaction. When the table is called, the S_TABU_DIS or S_TABU_NAM permission object is checked with a specific activity. This means that only the tables or table permission groups for which the corresponding values in the aforementioned permission objects are assigned can be accessed. You can read more about assigning permissions to individual tables here. In addition, you can save SQL statements that you run once, and run them again at any time to recognise changes in the result set without having to reformulate the SQL statement each time. The editor also allows you to start the query for SQL statements in the background. The result is obtained by calling the transaction SM37, in which the result is output in a spool file.

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The Queue determines which support packages are inserted into your system in which order by the SAP Patch Manager. If the queue is not yet fully defined, you must define the queue from the available support packages. If the Queue is already fully defined, it is only displayed; they no longer have the ability to change the selection. However, you can delete the queue completely with Queue [page 37]. Note that your system is inconsistent when you delete the queue after objects have been imported (for example, after an error in the DDIC_IMPORT step and following). The deletion in these SPAM steps should only be used for troubleshooting and you should repeat the insertion of the support packages as soon as possible. The SPAM transaction ensures that only support packages that match your system are displayed in the queue. Support packages intended for another release or an uninstalled add-on will not appear in the queue, even if they are loaded into your SAP system. For more information, see Rules for the Queue [page 19]. You must define the queue before you insert support packages. Prerequisites You have loaded the appropriate support packages with the SPAM into your SAP system [page 15]. Procedure To define a queue, select View/Define SPAM on the entry screen of the transaction. The Select Component dialogue box appears. You will see the list of installed software components (e.g. SAP_BASIS, SAP_HR, SAP_BW, Add-On). Select the desired component. You see the available queue. This queue contains the support packages available for the selected component in your system, and any required Conflict Resolution Transports (CRT), as well as associated Add-On Support Packages. You can: If the queue you see matches your wishes, you can accept the queue with Queue confirm and leave this selection window.

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In the direction of the infrastructure, for example, this can be the upper edge of the operating system.

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The system will then be checked to see if the desired system behaviour has been achieved or if malfunctions occur.
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