SAP Basis is characterized by a three-layer model and consists of the following layers:
SAP systems also need to be maintained
The SAP Identity Management System (IdM) enables centralised user and permission management in a heterogeneous system landscape. By using an IdMSsystem, manual processes can be replaced by automated workflows that are mapped and administered centrally. Examples of scenarios: 1) User and Authorisation Management 2) ESS/MSS for the management of personnel data 3) Audit and monitoring for the verification of compliance with legal regulations What should be taken into account, however, if you want to introduce an Identity Management System? In this contribution, I would like to highlight fundamental points that need to be clarified before the introduction.
Although you always make sure that authorization roles are generated when administering them, it happens again and again that there are red lights in the user assignment in the production systems. Have you considered user matching?
SAP Business Application Programming Interface (BAPI) is an interface that allows developers of customer and third-party code to access ... View full definition
A role concept according to best practice protects you from potential attacks within your SAP landscape. However, to protect your system from unauthorized access via the network, the SAP Gateway must be configured correctly. It enables the use of external programs via interfaces or the call of ABAP programs and serves as a technical component of the application server, which manages the communication of all RFC-based functions.
The dataowner should be the
adm of the target system, which you can change (in the Unix console) with "chown adm K12345.DEV" (respectively R12345.DEV for the data file). To change the access permissions, you can use the command "chmod 664 K12345.DEV". Attach transport jobs in the SAP system Once this has been done, you can attach the transport orders in your SAP system to the import queue. This is done by using the STMS -> Import Overview (F5) to display the import queues. Select the import queue of the target system with a double click. After that, you will receive a pop-up under "Additions"->"More orders"->"Attach", which you can use to attach the transport orders to the import queue. In the pop-up you have to name the exact transport order. The correct name for this is as follows: The first three characters are the file extension of the two files you copied into the transport directory. The last characters consist of the file name of the cofiles file. In our example transport the transport would be called "DEVK12345" (deriving from the cofiles file K12345.DEV) This should now return a positive message from SAP and the transport is attached to the import queue. Now you can import this transport into the system just like any ordinary transport order. Step-by-step Summary Copy Cofiles/data file to transport directory Normally /usr/sap/trans, if not —> AL11 -> DIR_TRANS Customise file owners and permissions chown adm chmod 664 In SAP system: STMS -> Import Overview -> Select Import Queue -> Additions -> Additional Jobs -> Attach Enter Transport Jobs ( ).
The "Shortcut for SAP Systems" tool is ideal for doing many tasks in the SAP basis more easily and quickly.
Once you have performed these steps, the treated role has the necessary permissions on the front-end side.
The freeware Scribble Papers puts an end to the confusing paper chaos. The tool is also suitable for storing, structuring and quickly finding text documents and text snippets of all kinds in addition to notes.
Test of EDI data transmission In the transaction WE05 all incoming and outgoing messages and IDocs as well as the status of the IDocs are displayed.