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The SAP NetWeaver Application Server Add-on for Code Vulnerability Analysis tool, also known as Code Vulnearability Analyzer (CVA), is a tool that performs a static analysis of user-defined ABAP source code to detect possible security risks. The tool is available in the NetWeaver ABAP stack and is based on versions from: 7.0 NetWeaver: in EHP2 SP 14 or higher / 7.0 NetWeaver: in EHP3 SP 09 or higher / 7.3 NetWeaver: in EHP1 SP 09 or higher / 7.4 NetWeaver: in SP05 or higher To use the CVA tool, the execution of system-wide security controls must be enabled with the RSLIN_SEC_LICENSE_SETUP report. Afterwards, the security checks are available in standard ABAP code checking tools such as ABAP Test Cockpit (ATC) or Code Inspector (SCI). The option of these checks is usually referred to as "security analysis in extended program check". Note that the use of the security check feature for custom code separation is licensed and incurs additional costs. The older program that has been around for years is Virtual Forge's "Code Profiler". It is one of the first products in this segment of SAP security and was used by SAP itself for many years. It is very comprehensive and is also able to track individual variables across the entire control flow. This leads to very precise statements and a reduction of false positives.
Basis administrators often have basic ABAP knowledge, for example, and ABAP developers know the basics of SAP Basis. Nevertheless, the two fields of activity are usually organizationally separated in the company.
To configure the SAL, please use transaction RSAU_CONFIG (formerly SM19) as of SAP Release 7.50. It is recommended to activate the cross-user logging with minimum settings and to record all audit classes for users with extensive authorizations, such as SAP standard and emergency users. These settings should always be configured on a cross-client basis.
Understanding the structure and functioning of the system is especially important for IT administration. It is not for nothing that "SAP Basis Administrator" is a separate professional field. On the page www.sap-corner.de you will find useful information on this topic.
Especially in larger companies, which also have multiple locations in different countries, it is often necessary to grant different employees the same permissions for different levels of organisation, such as accounting circles. In order to make maintenance and maintenance of the system easy in such a situation, it is useful to set the inheritance principle for SAP permissions. How does SAP Permissions Inheritance work? An inheritance is always about a master object passing certain properties to a derived (sub) object. Therefore, these properties do not need to be maintained several times. Also, changes to the master object are passed directly to the derived objects. This allows easier maintenance and drastically minimises the error rate. In the case of SAP Permission Inheritance, the required permissions are bundled in a Upper or Master role. Only the organisational levels have to be maintained in the roles derived from them. The permissions are automatically pulled from the master role. Create Inheritance for SAP Permissions The following shows how to create and use inheritances for SAP permissions. This requires only two steps: Creating a master role and defining derived roles. Step 1: Create a master role Inheritance always requires a parent role, because all properties are inherited from it. If this role, in which all shared permissions are bundled, is missing, the first step is to create this master role. To do this, open the PFCG transaction and enter the desired name of the master role in the Name field. It is possible to identify master and derived roles by using naming conventions. The "Single Role" button will then be used to create the desired role. In the following example I create the master role "findepartment_r".
For administrators, a useful product - "Shortcut for SAP Systems" - is available in the SAP basis area.
If you want to make sure that you are working in the correct directory, you can look in the transaction AL11 to see which directory is specified under "DIR_TRANS".
So much information... how can you keep it so that you can find it again when you need it? Scribble Papers is a "note box" that makes this very easy.
SAP Fiori is the next generation presentation layer - a user experience (UX) that is particularly simple and user-friendly.