Table of Contents
SAP Basis business benefits
ITIL stands for The IT Infrastructure Library. ITIL is a summary of "best practices" rules for professional implementation of IT service management. ITIL has established itself as an international standard in the area of IT business processes. The ITIL set of rules describes the processes, the organizational structure and the tools required for IT infrastructure. ITIL is based on the economic added value that IT operations provide for the company. itSMF Deutschland eV has further developed and improved these standards, and at the same time operates a portal for exchanging knowledge and experience.
Transporting transport orders from one system line to another or importing third-party transport orders into the SAP system is also an occasional task for an SAP basis administrator. As in my last blog post on system modifiability, I would like to offer you a way to quickly present this topic. So you will find a step-by-step guide which you can follow if you have already understood the content of the topic, but only the steps need to be taken. What are the requirements? Transport orders include two files, titled "data" and "cofiles". These files consist of a six-character alphanumeric combination and a file extension, which often represents the system from which the files were exported. The first character is always a K (the cofiles file) or an R (the data file). For our example we call the files K12345_DEV and R12345_DEV. These files are of course needed for an import into your own SAP system. Furthermore, you need access to the file system or the SAP directories, as they have to insert the above files there manually. In addition, the transaction STMS is required in the SAP system because it attaches the transport orders to the import queue. Now, if you have all of this available, we can start with the import: What is the procedure? Operating System Level Preparation. The first step is to copy the files to the transport directory of the SAP system. This is usually below /usr/sap/trans, but can be changed individually depending on the system. If you want to make sure that you are working in the correct directory, you can look in the transaction AL11 to see which directory is specified under "DIR_TRANS". This is the right directory to work on. Here the existing files are copied into it, namely the cofiles file (K12345_DEV) in the cofiles folder (/usr/sap/trans/cofiles) and the data file (R12345_DEV) in the data folder (/usr/sap/trans/data). Note: In this case, especially for companies with multiple systems on multiple servers, the access permissions and the file owner need to be changed so that the import in the target system does not cause problems.
GUIDE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MARKETING CONCEPT
IT professionals are taking the first steps in automation with the use of tools like RedHat Ansible. At our company, for example, Ansible is used for mass rollouts of agents in large environments.
Understanding the structure and functioning of the system is especially important for IT administration. It is not for nothing that "SAP Basis Administrator" is a separate professional field. On the page www.sap-corner.de you will find useful information on this topic.
An SAP HANA system lives on applications. When you develop these applications, you should think about securing them early. Using HTTPS instead of HTTP is one of the basics. In addition, you ensure secure authentication and implement a Secure Software Development Lifecycle to ensure backup in your own developments. In your applications, you better start to check them for risks early on and run this backup process regularly. You can analyse and restrict access to source code later. Create a risk register and address security vulnerabilities in a risk-based manner. The later you discover a risk, the more expensive the fix will be. Further information on SAP Security in addition to the article can be found here. Do you have any further questions or suggestions concerning this topic? Would you like us to go further on the subject? I look forward to your feedback!
Some missing SAP basic functions in the standard are supplied by the PC application "Shortcut for SAP Systems".
What are the requirements? Transport orders include two files, titled "data" and "cofiles".
So much information... how can you keep it so that you can find it again when you need it? That's what Scribble Papers is great for.
Nowadays, the base is known as Netweaver.