Time window for batch jobs becomes smaller and environments more complex
Practitioners for practitioners
Transporting transport orders from one system line to another or importing third-party transport orders into the SAP system is also an occasional task for an SAP basis administrator. As in my last blog post on system modifiability, I would like to offer you a way to quickly present this topic. So you will find a step-by-step guide which you can follow if you have already understood the content of the topic, but only the steps need to be taken. What are the requirements? Transport orders include two files, titled "data" and "cofiles". These files consist of a six-character alphanumeric combination and a file extension, which often represents the system from which the files were exported. The first character is always a K (the cofiles file) or an R (the data file). For our example we call the files K12345_DEV and R12345_DEV. These files are of course needed for an import into your own SAP system. Furthermore, you need access to the file system or the SAP directories, as they have to insert the above files there manually. In addition, the transaction STMS is required in the SAP system because it attaches the transport orders to the import queue. Now, if you have all of this available, we can start with the import: What is the procedure? Operating System Level Preparation. The first step is to copy the files to the transport directory of the SAP system. This is usually below /usr/sap/trans, but can be changed individually depending on the system. If you want to make sure that you are working in the correct directory, you can look in the transaction AL11 to see which directory is specified under "DIR_TRANS". This is the right directory to work on. Here the existing files are copied into it, namely the cofiles file (K12345_DEV) in the cofiles folder (/usr/sap/trans/cofiles) and the data file (R12345_DEV) in the data folder (/usr/sap/trans/data). Note: In this case, especially for companies with multiple systems on multiple servers, the access permissions and the file owner need to be changed so that the import in the target system does not cause problems.
Permissions beyond the daily task spectrum are granted only for limited periods and under control. The activities with the emergency user are logged in a revision-proof manner. Do you already have an emergency user concept in use or would like to introduce one? I'm happy if you share your experience with me! You can leave me a comment or contact me by e-mail.
SHAPING ARCHITECTURE POLICIES
This SAP training covers the introduction/basics of SAP administration. You will learn the basic functions of the SAP system. You will learn the most important administrative tasks, such as user administration and roles, the SAP data transport system, security in the SAP environment, administrative background tasks and system monitoring.
It is possible to specify a trace level for each rule in the ACL file to monitor each communication channel individually. It can be used with SNC without any further configuration. The use of the file is controlled by the gw/acl_file parameter by simply setting it to the appropriate file name. Use of external programmes If an external programme wants to communicate with your SAP system, it must first register at the gateway. The programmes which this is approved are controlled by the reginfo ACL file. This defines rules that allow or prohibit certain programmes. The syntax of the file allows you to define not only the name of the programme, but also the host on which the programme runs and hosts that can use and exit the programme. The gw/reg_info parameter must be set to use this file. In addition, there is the ACL file secinfo, which allows to configure which users can start an external programme. This defines rules that allow certain usernames from the SAP system to use certain external programmes. In addition, you can also define the hosts on which these programmes will run. For example, it is possible to allow a user to run the programme "BSP" on the host "XYZ", but not on the host "ABC". This file is controlled by the gw/sec_info parameter. Using the gateway as a proxy Since the gateway of your SAP system can also serve as a proxy server, the prxyinfo ACLDatei should also be activated via the gw/prxy_info parameter. Suppose you have 3 SAP systems in your network: SRC, TRG and PRX. If SRC cannot communicate directly with TRG, but both with PRX it would be possible to use the gateway of the PRX system as a proxy server, i.e. to communicate via it. So, in order to prevent this from happening to everyone, this property should be urgently restricted. As with the other ACL files, rules are defined which hosts can communicate with which hosts via the gateway. The syntax of the different ACL files may vary depending on the release level. It is therefore advisable to read them in the appropriate SAP documentation before activating the ACL files. You can also find more support for using ACL files in the SAP Community Wiki.
Use "Shortcut for SAP Systems" to accomplish many tasks in the SAP basis more easily and quickly.
Furthermore, there are letters/characters that look identical in different alphabets, but have a different hexadecimal value in the character set.
So much information... how can you keep it so that you can find it again when you need it? That's what Scribble Papers is great for.
Overall, the role concept provides guidance for the employees and their career planning as well as guidance regarding the range of tasks and contacts for IT departments and business areas.