What does an SAP administrator do?
SM20 Evaluation of the Security Auditlog
The database layer is used to store all company data and consists of the database management system (DBMS) and the data itself. In every NetWeaver system there is a database server on which the SAP database is located. It provides all other applications with the necessary data. The data is not only data tables, but also applications, system control tables and user data. All basic components ensure that the user has fast and reliable access to this data.
In transaction PFUD (see image above), you can perform the user match manually for all roles (or selected roles). You can choose between the matchup types Profile Matchup, Matchup of Indirect Assignments from Composite Roles, and Matchup HR Organizational Management. According to SAP documentation, the matchups differ as follows: Profile Matchup: "The program compares the currently valid user assignments of the selected single roles with the assignments of the associated generated profiles and makes any necessary adjustments to the profile assignments. Matching indirect assignments from composite roles: User assignments to composite roles result in indirect assignments for the single roles contained in the composite role. This match type matches the indirect assignments of the selected single roles to the user assignments of all composite roles that contain the single roles. If the selection set contains composite roles, the comparison takes place for all single roles contained in it. HR Organizational Management comparison: This comparison type updates the indirect assignments of all selected single and composite roles that are linked to elements of HR Organizational Management. The HR adjustment is inactive and cannot be selected if no active plan version exists or if a global deactivation has been made by setting the Customizing switch HR_ORG_ACTIVE = NO in table PRGN_CUST. Furthermore, the option "Perform cleanup" is interesting, which can be selected independently of the three adjustment types and does not refer to the role selection. The Perform Cleanup function can be used to remove residual data that resulted from incomplete deletion of roles and the associated generated profiles.
After the addition of Java Stack (the applications developed in J2EE, BSP, JSP, etc), the security standard for business processes was increased. Both ABAP and Java stack can be monitored from one platform. Netweaver supports standard protocols such as HTTP, SMTP, XML, SOAP, SSO, WEBDAV, WSDL, WMLSSO, SSL, X.509 and Unicode format (text processing representation).
SAP Basis is the foundation of any SAP system. You can find a lot of useful information about it on this page: www.sap-corner.de.
Due to the technology diversity, including in the SAP product portfolio, the support by a single silo unit SAP basis is almost impossible. Likewise, there are many activities that are located for historical reasons in the SAP basis and in parallel in the non-SAP area. In this respect, the separation between SAP and Non-SAP must be examined and, if possible, eliminated by standardisation, integration and centralisation. For example, the issue of output management can be set up in a team that has knowledge in the SAP printing area as well as in the non-SAP printing area and has contact points in the SAP basis. From the SAP basis, tools must be made available to the non-SAP areas to support them in their work in the SAP environment.
The "Shortcut for SAP Systems" tool is ideal for doing many tasks in the SAP basis more easily and quickly.
Database layer: All of a company's data is stored in the database, which is located on a database server.
The freeware Scribble Papers puts an end to the confusing paper chaos. The tool is also suitable for storing, structuring and quickly finding text documents and text snippets of all kinds in addition to notes.
If an audit is also announced and the SAP system is to be checked for critical permissions and segregation of duties, then it is very difficult to meet all requirements and secure the eligibility landscape in this respect.