Why does a company need an SAP Basis department? [Using our company as an example]
In addition to the database, the SAP system itself is installed. This installation is planned using a tool from SAP, the "Maintenance Planner", and then carried out using the SWPM (Software Provisioning Manager) and SUM (Software Update Manager) tools.
In the area of SAP Basic Administration there are many tasks that occur at long but irregular intervals, such as adjusting the system modifiability. As a result, the know-how is often lacking and it is quickly taken to the next search engine, where long and partially incomplete forum entries make finding the right approach even more difficult. For this reason, I will regularly record recurring tasks from the SAP basis Administration for you in simple tutorials. This blog post will start with the topic system modifiability and client control. If you want to jump directly to a step-by-step guide, just scroll down to the bottom, where I summarised everything once. System Modifiability - What Is It? The system modifiability allows you to set which objects of the repository and the client-independent customisation are modifiable or not. Repository objects can also be customised even further, with respect to the software component and the namespace. You can choose whether an object should be modifiable, restricted, or non-modifiable. In this context, restrictively modifiable means that repository objects can only be created as non-originals (small note: for packages the setting "restricted modifiable" and "modifiable" is identical in the function). Let us now turn to the direct approach to the changeover to system variability. Change system modifiability As a preparation, you should clarify how long the modifiability should take place in your system. I have learned from my clients that it is often desired to set the system to "changeable" for certain tasks from the specialist areas only temporarily. If you have organised this, call the transaction SE06 in the 000 client and click on the button "System Modification". If you do not have permissions for this transaction, you can try either the transaction SE03 —> System Modifiability or the transaction SE09 -> Jump -> Transport Organiser Tools -> System Modifiability (under "Administration"). The following screenshot shows the way across the SE03: Here you can change the desired namespaces and software components depending on your request.
SAP Netweaver - BI Authorization Concept
Regular maintenance tasks or the standard procedures must be described and defined to build checklists based on them and to control compliance with this standard. The SAPSolution-Manager can also support this as a tool of SAP e.g. through the Guided Procedures. In this context, it is also necessary to document the functionality of an underlying application and thereby determine what testing and monitoring activities are necessary. This is a reconciliation process between the SAP basis, other IT departments and, if necessary, the business areas concerned. The defined standard and the system's IST situation must be fully documented and regularly checked for compliance. This can be done through automated monitoring, validation using tools such as SAP-LVM (Landscape Virtualisation Management) or SAP Solution Manager, as well as manual checklists. Only the regular review of the standards guarantees their compliance. It can also support the regular use of SAP services such as Go-live Checks or Early Watch. Examples of how to standardise procedures are listed here: ・ Naming of system instances and logical hosts, or at least one central registry in a directory service, or LVM or SAP customer portal ・ Centrally starting and stopping systems, such as via the LVM ・ Categorising SAP instances by T-shirt size to define profile standards and cost them.
SAP Basis is the foundation of any SAP system. You can find a lot of useful information about it on this page: www.sap-corner.de.
You wanted to rush to release a transport order in the quality system of your SAP landscape and accidentally clicked on "Reject" instead of "Approve"? Now the order cannot be transported any further and will soon be cleared by job from the queue? Don't despair: In this blog post, I'm going to tell you a simple way to get rejected transportation to the production system anyway. As a reader of our blog, you are certainly interested in tricks and tricks that will make your SAP system easier to handle. You may be aware of the situation where you want to approve a transport order quickly after the test has been completed and you have clicked in the system when the order was released. The problem now is that the transport order in the system now has a status of "rejected" and can therefore no longer be transported. In total, a transport order may receive important changes that you would have liked to have transported to the production system. Approach to release rejected transport orders The screenshot below shows the situation in the STMS transaction where a transport order in the quality assurance area was rejected. Therefore, an import into the production system is no longer possible. The transport job can be removed either manually or through a job. The question here, however, is how the amendments which were wrongly rejected can be transferred to the subsequent system. Rejected Transport Order Tip: Leave the status on Rejected, remove the rejected transport order from the import queue, if necessary, and follow the next steps. Switch to the import queue in your quality system. Go there via Additions -> More Orders -> Attach to the modal window where you can perform further steps.
"Shortcut for SAP Systems" makes it easier and quicker to complete a number of SAP basis tasks.
An orientation towards the idea of cloud computing can help.
A note box in which data of all kinds can be quickly filed and retrieved. This is what Scribble Papers promises. At first, the program looks very spartan. But once a small structure is in place, you realise the great flexibility of this little helper.
The Log function displays logs for SPAM steps using the tp transport control programme.