Advantages of authorization concepts
Generic access to tables
At the latest, if it is no longer possible to clearly define which transactions should be included in which roles and which roles a user requires, a correction is necessary. It must be clear which rights are required for the individual tasks in the system.
Optional: S_PATH authorization object: If the test identifies 3 additional permissions checks for individual paths for the S_PATH authorization object, these are checked in the fourth step. The access type and the permission group stored in the SPTH table are checked.
Limit character set for user ID
Additional permission check on the S_RZL_ADM authorization object: For security reasons, an additional permission check is performed on the S_RZL_ADM authorization object for special PSE (Personal Security Environment) files with access type 01 (Create). These files are called *.pse and cred_v2. These files are required for single sign-on, encryption and digital signatures. They are maintained using the transaction STRUST and the transaction STRUSTSSO2, which require the same permission (see SAP Note 1497104 for details).
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SAP_NEW represents a specific permission profile that summarises the concrete permission changes between two SAP release levels. A distinction should be made between SAP's delivery of the SAP_NEW profile and the generation of an SAP_NEW role with a corresponding profile by you as a SAP customer (see also the SAP hint 1711620). Depending on the authorisation tracking procedure, the SAP_NEW permission can be assigned to any user in a development and quality assurance system immediately after the technical system upgrade. However, the goal is to assign to each user in the production environment only permissions that they need for their business operations. In the context of upgrades, the correct permissions must be determined and integrated into the corresponding permission roles.
However, if your Identity Management system is currently not available or the approval path is interrupted, you can still assign urgently needed authorizations with "Shortcut for SAP systems".
Finally, you must generate the role profile as usual.
If audits have also been announced, the pressure is particularly high.