Authorization tools - advantages and limitations
Unclear responsibilities, especially between business and IT
In a local table, find an entry for the user ID that you are creating in the SU01 transaction. For example, such a local table might be an Active Directory replication or a mini personnel master set, or you may have another data source that you replicate to your SAP system. Then, fill in the fields of transaction SU01 with the data from the local table.
The change management process in the SAP® environment can be quite complex. Since program changes are usually transported into the production system, which can potentially have an impact on the annual financial statements, the audit of the process is an essential part of the annual financial statement audit. For this reason, it must be ensured that the process documentation is up-to-date and complete. It must also be ensured that appropriate classifications are defined for various types of change. This is because the process may subsequently differ for each classification. For example, the extent of the test and release steps varies depending on the criticality of the change, and they may even be shortened considerably for low-risk changes. However, it is crucial to justify this in a comprehensible manner. In the change management process, a sufficient test and release phase should be set up by the responsible department. This process step must also be documented in a comprehensible manner, even if it is not always easy to obtain the necessary evidence from the departments. In this process in particular, it is crucial that a clear dual control principle is established, which ensures that the developer is not also the person who ultimately carries out the transport into the productive environment. In preparation, the documentation should therefore be checked for completeness and up-to-dateness and, in a further step, whether the process defined in it has also been followed throughout the year.
When it comes to preparing for the auditor, it should definitely be checked whether all critical authorizations, as well as the important parameters, have been correctly assigned or set up in SAP®. The specifications for this should all be defined in the authorization concept documented in writing and must also be consistent with this. In this context in particular, however, it is not always easy to check all the essential points using the SAP® standard on-board tools. This is where the experienced auditors at IBS Schreiber GmbH can provide support.
The freeware Scribble Papers is a "note box" in which all kinds of data can be stored. It takes in typed texts as well as graphics and entire documents. The data is then organised in folders and pages.
When using encryption mechanisms, be sure to prevent access to the personal security environment (PSE) files in the server's file system and database. To do this, create your own table permission group for the SSF_PSE_D table and restrict programmes from accessing the
/sec directory in the file system. For details on securing key tables, see SAP Note 1485029.
Secure your go-live additionally with "Shortcut for SAP systems". You can assign necessary SAP authorizations quickly and easily directly in the system.
These then correspond to your internal and external security guidelines.
Warning: Do not perform step 1 (customer tables were initially filled), because this overwrites the USOBT_C and USOBX_C customer tables, i.e. the SU24 data, completely with the SAP suggestion values.