SAP Authorizations Detect critical base permissions that should not be in application roles - NW Admin

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Detect critical base permissions that should not be in application roles
Checking at Program Level with AUTHORITY-CHECK
You use Central User Management and wonder why you still need to evaluate the licence data individually in the attached systems. This does not have to be the case, because a central evaluation is possible! There are licence fees for using SAP systems, and you need SAP licence keys. The amount of your licence costs will be determined during the current operation, depending on the number of users and the features used in the SAP software. The survey programme (transaction USMM), the results of which you transmit to SAP, serves this purpose. Not only the number of users is relevant, but also their classification, the so-called user types. You assign these to the user via the transaction SU01 or the transaction SU10 (Licence Data tab). Alternatively, you can let the user inherit the user type of a reference user or classify it via an associated role. This is done by analogy when you use the Central User Administration (ZBV). So far, there has been no central evaluation of the data of all systems connected to the ZBV. Now this has changed, and we'll show you how you can use this analysis.

An SAP authorization concept is used to map relevant legal standards and internal company regulations to the technical protection options within an SAP system. Authorization concepts are thus the key to optimal protection of your system - both externally and internally.
Custom Permissions
Different organisational fields are used in each module. Since there are many interfaces between the modules, the main organisational fields of the modules must be linked. However, there are also organisational fields that are only relevant for the respective module. All object fields used as organisational units are listed in the USORG table. You can call this table through the SE16 transaction. Alternatively, in the selection screen of the AGR_1252 table, the value help of the VARBL field also shows the corresponding name for the respective organisation fields.

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The critical permissions are defined in these steps: On the Entry screen, select the Critical Permissions button. You will now see two folder pairs in the dialogue tree: - Critical Permissions > Critical Permission - Critical Permission > Permissions Data. In Change Mode in the lower folder hierarchy, double-click the Critical Permission folder, and then select New Entries. In the right-hand pane of the screen, enter the appropriate data for the Eligibility, Text, Colour, and Transaction Code fields. Save your input. When saving, you are asked for a customising job. Please specify it accordingly. Select the entry you just created and double-click to open the Permissions Data folder to maintain the permissions data. Then create a variant. To do this, double-click the Variants to Critical Permissions folder and select New Entries. Enter the name and description of the variant and save your input. Now assign the identifier of the created critical permission to the variant. To do this, select the variant and then double-click in the Variants subfolder to get critical permissions > critical permissions in the input mask. Now click on New Items and select your variant from the list - in our example ZB01. Then save your input. Finally, you can run your report variant with critical permissions. To do this, go back to the RSUSR008_009_NEW entry screen and select the critical permissions option in the variant name pane. Now use the Value Help to select and run the variant you just created.

With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you can automate the assignment of roles after a go-live.

As a result, there are often false expressions that, in the worst case, allow uncontrolled reporting access to all data in the logical database PNPCE (or PNP).

It must be clarified in advance what constitutes a recognized "emergency" in the first place and which scenarios do not yet justify activating the highly privileged user.
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