Excursus Special feature for authorizations for FIORI Apps under S/4HANA
Object Privileges: Object Privileges are SQL permissions that control access to and modification of database objects (as a whole). The type of object (table, view, procedure) determines which database operations can be authorised. Database operations include SELECT, UPDATE, ALTER, DROP, and DEBUG.
The SAP authorization concept protects transactions and programs in SAP systems on the basis of authorization objects. Authorization objects enable complex checks of an authorization that are bound to several conditions. Authorizations represent characteristics of authorization objects depending on the employee's activity and responsibility. The authorizations are combined in an authorization profile that belongs to a role. The administrator assigns the appropriate role to the employee via the user master record so that the employee can perform his or her tasks in the system.
We are often asked how permissions are properly assigned to schedule background jobs and manage those jobs. Just follow the guidelines below. Whenever you want programmes to run periodically at specific times without user interaction, or when their runtime should not interfere with normal dialogue operations, schedule them as batch jobs in the background. The scheduling and editing of batch jobs is regulated by permissions, which are often not clear about their use. We therefore explain to you what permissions are necessary for and which authorization objects are important.
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Trace after missing permissions: Run the System Trace for Permissions (ST01 or STAUTHTRACE transaction) to record permission checks that you want to include in the role (see Tip 31, "Optimise Trace Evaluation"). Applications are logged through the Launch Permissions checks.
"Shortcut for SAP systems" is a tool that enables the assignment of authorizations even if the IdM system fails.
If you want to add your own checks to standard applications, you must first find the appropriate place to implement the check.
It is also recommended to set certain default users inactive until they are actually used.