SAP Authorizations Maintain proposed values using trace evaluations - NW Admin

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Maintain proposed values using trace evaluations
SAP authorizations: Recommendations for setting up, monitoring and controlling
Let's say that a user - we call her Claudia - should be able to edit the spool jobs of another user - in our example Dieter - in the transaction SP01. What do you need to do as an administrator? Each spool job has a Permission field; By default, this field is blank. If Claudia wants to see a Dieter spool job, the system will check if Claudia has a specific spool job permission with a value of DIETER. Claudia does not need additional permissions for its own spool jobs that are not protected with a special permission value.

Running the system trace for permissions gradually for each application server is tedious. We will show you how to record permission checks on multiple servers at the same time. If you want to use the System Trace for permissions in a system with multiple application servers, you should note that the Trace can only log and evaluate data per application server at any time. Therefore, if a permission error occurs, permission administrators must first check which application server the user is logged on to with the permission issue and then start the trace on that application server. We give you a guide to record permissions checks on certain application servers, but we also show you a way to use this feature centrally.
System Security
Put the values of the permission trace into the role menu: The applications (transactions, web-dynpro applications, RFCBausteine or web services) are detected through their startup permissions checks (S_TCODE, S_START, S_RFC, S_SERVICE) and can be added to the role menu of your role. In your role, go to the Menu tab and import these applications by clicking Apply Menus and selecting Import from Trace. A new window will open. Here you can evaluate the trace and view all recognised applications in the right window. To do this, click the Evaluate Trace button and select System Trace (ST01) > Local. In a new System Trace window, you can specify the evaluation criteria for the trace, such as the user using the Trace field only for users or the time period over which to record. Then click Evaluate. Then, in the right part of the window, you will see all the applications logged. Select the applications you want to apply to the Roles menu and click Apply. You can now decide how the applications appear in the Role menu. The application can be added to the role either as a permission proposal or as a menu item through the Add drop-down box. They can be displayed as a list or as a panel menu (insert as list) or according to the SAP menu tree in which the application is stored in the SAP menu (insert as SAP menu).

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Customising roles are temporary because of their project nature. Therefore, when assigning users, maintain the end date. You cannot also map transactions manually if you created a role directly from a project or project view. Conversely, you cannot use an existing transaction role in the menu as a customising role. The transactions associated with a customising role are not displayed in the Session Manager or the SAP Easy Access menu, but can only be viewed through the view in the customising.

For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.

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Careful preparation is a prerequisite for a successful authorisation check.
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