Assignment of critical authorizations and handling of critical users
In the IT sector, we have to face new challenges every day. New technologies require us to act accordingly in order to always keep the current system landscape up to date, to strengthen our position on the market and, of course, to gain a technological edge over other competitors. This is also reflected in the corresponding SAP system landscape. Read in the two-part blog series why an authorization concept should be considered as early as possible in a project phase - especially when converting to SAP S/4HANA.
A new transaction has been added to evaluate the system trace only for permission checks, which you can call STAUTHTRACE using the transaction and insert via the respective support package named in SAP Note 1603756. This is a short-term trace that can only be used as a permission trace on the current application server and clients. In the basic functions, it is identical to the system trace in transaction ST01; Unlike the system trace, however, only permission checks can be recorded and evaluated here. You can limit the recording to a specific user. You can also use the trace to search only for permission errors. The evaluation is similar to the evaluation of the system trace in the transaction ST01. In transaction STAUTHTRACE, however, you can also evaluate for specific authorization objects or for specific permission check return codes (i.e. after positive or negative permission checks). You can also filter multiple entries.
To do this, in the SU24 transaction, open the application you want to customise. To maintain the missing suggestion values, you can start the trace here by clicking on the button Trace. You can of course also use the system trace for permissions via the ST01 or STAUTHRACE transactions. A new window will open. Click here on the Evaluate Trace button and select System Trace (ST01) > Local. In the window that opens you now have the opportunity to restrict the trace to a specific user or to start it directly. To do this, enter a user who will call the application you want to record, and then click Turn on Trace. Now, in a separate mode, you can call and run the application you want to customise. Once you have completed the activities that you need permission checks, i.e. you have finished the trace, you will return to your application in the transaction SU24 and stop the trace by switching off the button trace. To perform the evaluation, click the Evaluate button. To obtain the trace data for each authorization object, select the authorization object you want to customise in the upper-left pane of the Permissions object drop-down list.
The freeware Scribble Papers is a "note box" in which all kinds of data can be stored. It takes in typed texts as well as graphics and entire documents. The data is then organised in folders and pages.
For the scenario of sending initials passwords, signing emails is not so relevant. Although it is possible to send an encrypted e-mail with a fake sender address, in this case the initial passwords in the system would not work. It looks different when you send business data; In such cases, verification of the sender via a digital signature is recommended. If you want to send e-mails digitally signed, we advise you to send them at the system's e-mail address. To do this, use the SEND_EMAIL_FOR_USER method described and place the sender's tag on the system. In this case, you need a public key pair for your ABAP system, which is stored as a Personal System Security Environment (PSE). For a detailed description of the configuration, including for verification and decryption of received emails, see the SAP Online Help at http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw73ehp1/helpdata/en/d2/7c5672be474525b7aed5559524a282/frameset.htm and SAP Note 1637415.
With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you can automate the assignment of roles after a go-live.
The individual authorization objects are divided into object classes.
The better these values are maintained, the less effort is required to maintain the PFCG roles (see figure next page).