Make mass changes in the table log
The applications (transactions, Web-Dynpro applications, RFC building blocks, or Web services) are detected through their startup permissions checks (S_TCODE, S_START, S_RFC, S_SERVICE) and can be placed in the role menu of your role. In your role, go to the Menu tab and import these applications by clicking Apply Menus and selecting Import from Trace. A new window will open. Here you can evaluate the trace and view all recognised applications in the right window. To do this, click the Evaluate Trace button and select System Trace (ST01) > Local. In a new System Trace window, you can specify the evaluation criteria for the trace, such as the user using the Trace field only for users or the time period over which to record. Then click Evaluate.
Even more critical is the assignment of the comprehensive SAP® standard profile SAP_ALL, which contains almost all rights in the system. Therefore, it should be assigned to a so-called emergency user at most. The handling of the emergency user should also be specified in the authorization concept, which should be documented in writing. In any case, the activities of the emergency user should be logged and checked regularly. Therefore, it is essential in preparation for the annual audit to check the current, as well as the historical, assignments of SAP_ALL. It is therefore not sufficient to simply quickly remove the SAP_ALL profile from users in the run-up to the annual audit. It must also be proven that the SAP_ALL profile was not briefly assigned for a few days over the audit period. If SAP_ALL assignments did occur, ideally these have already been documented and checked. If this is not the case, it is essential to create documentation that cannot be changed, in which it is proven why the assignment was necessary and that the user has not carried out any critical actions beyond this (filing and review of logging).
Use the authorisation route to identify proposed values for customer developments
These single roles can also be combined into composite roles. I recently discussed the special features of this in the article "SAP Authorizations Mass Maintenance Single Role Assignments in Composite Roles per Function Module (FuBa) or Transaction Code", but here I would rather discuss the roles and assignment of authorization object field values in role maintenance with the PFCG for an authorization overview.
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As a result, you will get an advanced IMG structure, in our example FF Log settings, which you can access via the transaction SPRO. Finally, you could use the transaction COAT (see SAP Note 1089923) to assign additional attributes to your own tables and reports, for example. For example, this could be relevant for the tax audit and final reports or performance critical.
The possibility of assigning authorizations during the go-live can be additionally secured by using "Shortcut for SAP systems".
Here, a person takes responsibility for the data of a certain scope (e.g., SAP system X or system landscape Y) and looks after it as if it were his own precious possession.
However, you must be careful not to mark all fields of the objects, otherwise direct access is also possible.