SAP Authorizations - A Common Perspective of Developers and Consultants
Customise SAP_ALL Profile Contents
An SAP security check focuses in particular on the assignment of authorizations. This is what enables users to work with the SAP system in the first place, but it can, under certain circumstances, unintentionally add up to conflicts over the separation of functions or even legally critical authorizations. For this reason, tools for technical analysis must be used regularly to provide the status quo of authorization assignment and thus the basis for optimization.
Transactions: Transactions in the audit structure start the necessary evaluations for the audit. You can recognise transactions by the clock symbol ( ). Double-clicking on the icon opens the transaction in a new window and allows you to start the evaluation. In addition, the SAIS transaction log entries for this audit activity are displayed in the upper right pane of the display. These include the current date of execution, the verifier's user ID, a check status that you assign yourself, a weighting, and a justification for the check status that you also enter into a text box. Below is an overview of the audit activities performed so far, also with a time stamp, the user ID of the verifier, the weighting of the status of the audit activity and a justification. In order not to manipulate the scanning activities, it is not possible to modify data stored once.
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User master record - Used to log on to the SAP system and grants restricted access to SAP system functions and objects via the authorization profiles specified in the role. The user master record contains all information about the corresponding user, including authorizations. Changes only take effect the next time the user logs on to the system. Users already logged on at the time of the change are not affected by the changes.
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The first step is to create an IMG project. You can create a new project or edit an existing project to create a customising role. To do this, call the SPRO_ADMI project management entry transaction. If a suitable project is not available, you can view the list of SAP customising activities. To do this, click the SAP Reference-IMG button or create a new project. To do this, select the Create Project button ( ) or the (F5) button. A new window will open, where you enter the project name. Note that you have a maximum of ten characters for the name. Once you have confirmed your input, a new screen will open. The General Data tab allows you to specify users, project managers, project times, and the language for the information texts.
If you get into the situation that authorizations are required that were not considered in the role concept, "Shortcut for SAP systems" allows you to assign the complete authorization for the respective authorization object.
However, you do not want to display security-related tables.
In this security policy, you then set the policy attribute SERVER_LOGON_PRIVILEGE to 1.