The Anatomy of SAP Authorization or Documentation on SAP Authorization Objects and Authorization Field Values
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Structural authorizations work with SAP HCM Organizational Management. They primarily define who can be seen, but not what can be seen, based on evaluation paths in the org tree. Therefore, structural authorizations should only be used together with general authorizations. The determination works via a so-called authorization profile. In this profile, the evaluation paths are used to define how to search on the org tree. Function modules can also be stored, which can be used to determine objects from Organizational Management using any criteria. This makes the structural authorizations very flexible.
Privileges control the use of all objects and data contained in the HANA database. In order to use an application, you typically have to assign many different types of privileges to a user. In order to be able to take into account the complex relationships in the allocation of the privileges actually needed in a manageable way, privileges in SAP HANA are bundled into roles. In our example, the role MODELING in the role SAPT04_CONTENT_ACTIVATION is included. In SAP HANA, it is possible to assign a role to multiple roles as well as to multiple roles. This way, complex role hierarchies can be put together.
Challenges in authorization management
Which authorization data does a role have (PFCG)? Again, start the transaction PFCG and display a role. Then branch to the tab Authorizations and click on the button with the "glasses" (bottom left): Display authorization data.
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SAP authorizations control the access options of users in an SAP system - for example, to personal data. Secure management of this access is essential for every company. This makes authorization concepts, authorization tools and automated protection of the SAP system all the more important in order to meet the stringent legal requirements with little administrative effort.
Authorizations can also be assigned via "Shortcut for SAP systems".
Controlling > Income and market segment calculation > Tools > Permissions management > CO-PA specific eligibility objects.
Repeat this for all custom customising tables that are still needed.