What are SAP authorizations?
Correct settings of the essential parameters
Your SAP system landscape keeps you safe and up-to-date by inserting different types of SAP hints and patches. For a first overview of the security information for SAP systems, see the SAP Service Marketplace at https://service.sap.com/securitynotes. For a complete list of all security advisories for all SAP solutions (SAP NetWeaver Application Server ABAP and Java, TREX, SAP HANA, Sybase, SAP GUI, etc.), see Security Notes Search on this page. The My Security Notes page allows you to find the SAP notes that are relevant for systems registered in SAP Service Marketplace. This does not take into account information already recorded.
How to maintain security policies and map them to your users is described in Tip 5, "Defining User Security Policy." You need a separate security policy for administrators to implement this tip, which is often useful for other reasons. In this security policy, you then set the policy attribute SERVER_LOGON_PRIVILEGE to 1. For example, you can also include the DISABLE_PASSWORD_LOGON policy attribute setting, because administrators often want to be able to log in with a password on the system.
Use system recommendations to introduce security
You will also notice that many tables have the table permission group &NC& assigned to them, and therefore differentiation over table permission groups over the S_TABU_DIS authorization object would not work at all. Furthermore, you cannot assign permissions to only individual tables in a table permission group using S_TABU_DIS. In such cases, the investigation shall continue: If the permission check on the S_TABU_DIS authorization object fails, the S_TABU_NAM authorization object is checked next. Allows you to explicitly grant access to tables by using the table name.
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Have you ever tried to manually track who among the users in your SAP system has critical authorizations? Depending on your level of knowledge and experience, this work can take a lot of time. If audits have also been announced, the pressure is particularly high. After all, it is difficult to fulfill all requirements regarding SAP authorizations manually.
For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.
Eine Ausnahme von dieser Regel gibt es allerdings: Auch wenn andere Authentifizierungsverfahren genutzt werden, prüft das System, ob der Benutzer dazu in der Lage ist, sich mit einem Passwort anzumelden.
This is also useful because only the application developer can decide what properties the privileges of using the objects in the application should have.